Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced (JEE Advanced), formerly the Indian Institutes of Technology-Joint Entrance Examination (IIT JEE) is an annual engineering college entrance examination in India. It is conducted by one of the seven zonal IITs (IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Guwhati and IIT Roorkee) under guidance of the Joint Admission Board(JAB). It is used as the sole admission test by the 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Other universities like the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), and the premier Indian Institute of Science (IISc) also use the score obtained in JEE Advanced as the basis for admission. Any student who takes admission to IITs cannot appear for the JEE Advanced exam in the next year, but the same is not the case with IISc, IISER, RGIPT and other institutes as these institutes only use JEE Advanced score for admission. The examination is organised each year by one of the various IITs, on a round robin rotation pattern. It has a very low admission rate (about 9,369 in 479,651 in 2012;which is around 1.95%), and was thus recognised as one of the toughest examinations in the world. The current admission rate in 2017 is around 0.92% in IITs (about 11,000 out of 1,200,000 who applied for JEE Main).
In 2013 the exam, originally called the IIT JEE, was renamed as JEE Advanced, along with the AIEEE being renamed JEE Main. From 2017, IITs started conducting JEE internationally to give admission to international students.
Candidates satisfying all the following criteria are eligible to appear in JEE Advanced.
- Should be among the top 2,24,000 candidates in JEE Main.
- Should be less than 25 years of age. For SC, ST, PwD candidates the age limit is 30 years.
- Should not have appeared in the JEE Advanced exam 2 years before or earlier.
- Should have appeared for the Class XII Board Examination for the first time in the last year of the exam or that year only.
- Should not have accepted admission in any of the IITs earlier.
Changes made in JEE Advanced 2018
There were several changes made in the exam from 2018. The Joint Admission Board(JAB) decided to conduct the entire exam online from 2018 since it reduced chances of paper leak and also made the logistics and evalution easier. It also said that the online exam will also neutralise the problem of misprinting. Also the number of students appearing for the JEE Advanced has been increased by 4000, which was earlier 2,20,000.