Biomolecules Assignments/DPPs

The captivating world of Chemistry takes a biological turn as we delve into “Biomolecules” for Class 12. This chapter introduces you to the fundamental molecules that form the very foundation of life – the building blocks that orchestrate all biological processes within living organisms. Understanding biomolecules is crucial for success in both JEE and NEET, as they form the basis for numerous questions on metabolism, cellular functions, and their roles in diseases. Here, you’ll embark on a journey to explore the fascinating world of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and vitamins, unlocking the secrets of life at the molecular level.

Overview : Biomolecules for Class 12 JEE and NEET

Biomolecules are complex organic molecules essential for growth, development, and sustenance of life. “Biomolecules” dives into five key classes, each with unique structures and functions:

  • Carbohydrates: These are simple sugars and complex carbohydrates that provide energy for cellular functions. Examples include glucose (the primary source of energy), fructose (found in fruits), and cellulose (a component of plant cell walls).

  • Proteins: These complex molecules are made up of amino acids and play diverse roles, including acting as enzymes (catalyzing reactions), structural components (like keratin in hair), and transport molecules (like hemoglobin).

  • Lipids: This diverse group includes fats, oils, and waxy substances. Lipids serve as energy stores, provide insulation, and are essential components of cell membranes.

  • Nucleic Acids: These complex molecules, including DNA and RNA, store and transmit genetic information, the blueprint of life.

  • Vitamins: These organic compounds are essential in small quantities for various metabolic processes and maintaining good health.

Exploring Properties and Functions: A Symphony of Life

Each class of biomolecules possesses unique properties and functions that contribute to the intricate workings of living organisms. “Biomolecules” explores this fascinating interplay:

  • Carbohydrates: Simple sugars are readily soluble in water and serve as a quick source of energy. Complex carbohydrates are less soluble but provide sustained energy and dietary fiber.

  • Proteins: The specific sequence of amino acids in a protein determines its unique 3D structure and function. Proteins can be enzymes, antibodies, hormones, and many more.

  • Lipids: Fats are insoluble in water but store large amounts of energy. Oils are generally liquid at room temperature and play a role in energy storage and insulation. Waxes provide protection and waterproofing for plants and animals.

  • Nucleic Acids: The structure of DNA, with its double helix and complementary base pairing, allows for accurate replication and transmission of genetic information. RNA plays a vital role in protein synthesis, translating the genetic code from DNA.

  • Vitamins: Different vitamins have specific functions, such as vitamin A for vision, vitamin C for immunity, and vitamin D for bone health.

Unveiling the Molecular Architecture: Understanding Biomolecular Structure

“Biomolecules” delves into the intricate structures of these essential molecules. This includes understanding:

  • Monosaccharides and Polysaccharides: The basic building blocks of carbohydrates and how they link together to form complex structures.

  • Amino Acids and Protein Structure: The various types of amino acids and the four levels of protein structure (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary) that determine their function.

  • Fatty Acids and Lipid Structure: The different types of fatty acids (saturated and unsaturated) and how they influence the properties of lipids.

  • Nucleic Acid Structure: The structure of DNA and RNA, including the sugar-phosphate backbone, nitrogenous bases, and the concept of base pairing.

Beyond the Textbook: Biomolecules in Action

The knowledge gained from “Biomolecules” extends beyond the classroom and has real-world applications:

  • Metabolism: Understanding the breakdown and synthesis of biomolecules is crucial for comprehending energy production, growth, and waste elimination in living organisms.

  • Diseases: Malfunctions in biomolecule metabolism can lead to various diseases. For example, diabetes is linked to problems with glucose metabolism.

  • Nutrition: Understanding the roles of different biomolecules in the body helps us make informed dietary choices for optimal health.

DPPs for Biomolecules

Mastering Biomolecules for JEE & NEET Success

Acing “Biomolecules” empowers you for success in both JEE and NEET. Here’s your roadmap to mastering this fundamental chapter:

  • Solidify Your Foundation with Focused Assignments: Utilize resources from reputed educational platforms like PRERNA EDUCATION (you can replace with a more generic term like ‘educational websites’ or ‘online learning platforms’). These platforms offer targeted exercises that focus on specific concepts like:

    • Classification of biomolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, vitamins).
    • Structure and function of each biomolecule class, including the relationship between structure and function.
    • The intricate structures of essential molecules, such as monosaccharides, polysaccharides, amino acids, protein structures (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary), fatty acids, and nucleic acid structures (DNA and RNA).
  • Sharpen Your Problem-Solving Skills with Daily Practice Problems (DPPs): Hone your exam-taking skills by tackling daily practice problems (DPPs) that encompass diverse topics, including:

    • Identifying different biomolecules based on their structures or functions.
    • Predicting the effects of structural modifications on biomolecule function.
    • Applying your knowledge of biomolecules to explain biological processes or diagnose diseases.
  • Visualize the Molecular World with Interactive Models: Don’t just memorize! Supplement your learning with interactive models available online or through educational apps. These visual aids allow you to visualize the 3D structures of biomolecules, fostering a deeper understanding of their shape, bonding patterns, and functional groups. Seeing is truly believing – by visualizing these structures, you can better predict properties, identify isomers, and elucidate reaction mechanisms with confidence.

Embrace the Broader Context: Biomolecules Beyond the Textbook

The knowledge gained from “Biomolecules” extends beyond the confines of the classroom and has real-world applications in various fields:

  • Metabolism: Understanding the breakdown and synthesis of biomolecules is crucial for comprehending energy production, growth, and waste elimination in living organisms. Mastering this area equips you to tackle questions on metabolic pathways and their regulation.

  • Cellular Functions: Biomolecules play a vital role in virtually all cellular processes. From protein synthesis mediated by RNA to enzymatic reactions facilitated by proteins, a strong grasp of biomolecules strengthens your understanding of cellular machinery and its intricate workings.

  • Diseases and Medicine: Many diseases arise from malfunctions in biomolecule metabolism or structure. Understanding the role of biomolecules in diseases, such as diabetes or genetic disorders, allows you to interpret medical concepts and answer related questions in your exams.

By mastering biomolecules, you not only gain a deeper understanding of life at the molecular level but also equip yourself with valuable knowledge that transcends the boundaries of textbooks and lays the foundation for success in both JEE and NEET.

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!

Reach Us
Call Icon

011 – 41659551 | 9312712114 


H-81, South Extension Part 1, New Delhi – 110049

179, 2nd Floor, opposite Select Citywalk Mall, Khirki Village, Saket, New Delhi – 110017

Phone: 011-41659551 | 011-41676717

Mobile: +91-9312712114


Related Posts

⯈  Download DPPs Class 12 Physics

⯈  Download DPPs Class 12 Chemistry

⯈  Download DPPs Class 12 Maths

⯈  Download DPPs Class 12 Zoology

⯈  Download DPPs Class 12 Botany

⯈  Download DPPs Class 11 Physics

⯈  Download DPPs Class 11 Chemistry

⯈  Download DPPs Class 11 Maths

⯈  Download DPPs Class 11 Zoology

⯈  Download DPPs Class 11 Botany

⯈  Download DPPs for Class 10 Science

⯈  Download DPPs for Class 10 Maths

⯈  Download DPPs for Class 9 Science

⯈  Download DPPs for Class 9 Maths

Admissions Open Ad
NEET 2024 2025 Coaching / Result / Counselling
One Year Program JEE Ad